10. Liver Spots
Those brown spots or patches of skin associated with aging are called lentigines, or liver spots. According to the American Osteopathic College of Dermatology, these spots are usually benign, although it is advisable to inspect them for any changes in color or irregularities in their borders. Liver spots commonly occur on the areas of the body that receive the most exposure to sunlight. You may notice them appearing on your face or on the backs of your hands. Individuals with a family history of liver spots may be more susceptible to this condition.
Freckles, or ephelides, are tiny areas of increased pigmentation that may pop out with increased sun exposure and fade during the less sunny winter months. Ephelides are the skin’s natural attempt to shield itself from harmful rays. These speckles differ from sun spots in that they tend to appear in childhood, whereas sun spots appear later in life. Those with fair skin tones are more prone to freckling. While freckles are not an indication of sun damage, individuals with freckles may be more susceptible to the damaging effects of UV rays.
Brown or gray patches on the cheeks, forehead, nose, or chin may be melasma. According to the American Academy of Dermatology, those more likely to develop melasma include women and individuals with darker skin coloring. This condition occurs when melanocytes in the skin produce excess pigmentation in response to sun exposure or hormonal changes. The hormones associated with pregnancy, birth control pills, and hormone replacement therapy may trigger melasma. If you are susceptible to melasma, avoid using harsh skin care products as irritating the skin can worsen melasma.