5. Thyroid Problems

thyroid cancer

In the lower half of your neck is a gland called the thyroid. The thyroid is responsible for secreting hormones that regulate the body’s temperature, metabolism, and brain function. When the thyroid becomes abnormally enlarged, it’s called a “goiter.” Doctors check a person’s neck, often asking them to move their head around, to evaluate the thyroid. 

Diseases that cause abnormal functioning of the thyroid are Graves’s disease and Hashimoto’s thyroiditis (an autoimmune disease). Because the thyroid is vital to the body’s health, doctors are always on the lookout for signs of a goiter. 

4. Hormonal Imbalance

Hormones

Your thyroid isn’t the only source of hormones in your body. In women, hormone imbalances may occur due to many conditions, one of which is polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). PCOS occurs in one out of 10 women and can disrupt a woman’s hormones, causing thickening of the skin, increased facial hair, male pattern baldness, and acne. If a doctor sees these symptoms in a woman, they may order further tests.  

3. Liver Disorders

Liver

The liver is an essential filter for the body. Along with the kidneys, the liver keeps our body free from toxins and wastes. When the liver isn’t working correctly, or if there are too many toxins to filter, jaundice can occur. 

Jaundice, the yellowing of the skin and eyes due to increased bilirubin, is caused by a liver disorder. The body recycles old or damaged red blood cells and forms bilirubin as a waste product. This bilirubin is sent to the liver to mix with bile. This “garbage” mixture gets eliminated out of the body through stool and urine. If the liver isn’t working correctly, bilirubin remains in the body. This waste builds up in the body and makes the skin yellow, resulting in jaundice. 

Jaundice appears as a yellow tinge in the skin and eyes. The more bilirubin builds up in the body, the yellower the skin becomes. Doctors are very aware of this phenomenon and are always on the lookout for the yellowing of the skin. 

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