5. Hypoglycemia (Low Blood Sugar)
Dizziness can be a symptom of the low blood sugar levels that occur when a healthy individual goes too long between meals. It can also be a symptom of the low blood sugar levels in diabetic patients who are experiencing insulin shock. Other symptoms of low blood sugar include shakiness, anxiety, sweating or chills, blurry vision, and sleepiness. The American Diabetes Association recommends diabetic patients treat hypoglycemia by following the “15-15 rule”. This involves consuming 15 grams of carbohydrates, waiting 15 minutes, and then rechecking your blood glucose levels.
4. Heart Attack or Stroke
Lightheadedness, dizziness, and confusion may be symptoms of a heart attack or stroke. The American Stroke Association lists numbness, confusion, vision problems, trouble walking, dizziness, and headache as signs of stroke that require immediate medical attention. Meanwhile, the American Heart Association includes chest pain, upper body discomfort, shortness of breath, cold sweats, and lightheadedness as symptoms of a heart attack. Dial 911 if you or a loved one experiences any of these symptoms.
3. Side Effects from Medications
Some medications may cause side effects that include dizziness, lightheadedness, and unsteadiness. Pain medications that affect the central nervous system, such as codeine or anti-inflammatory drugs, may cause dizziness and confusion. Certain antibiotics may also contribute to dizziness and imbalance. Blood pressure medications may be culprits when suffering from dizziness. Examples of such blood pressure lowering medications include beta blockers, nifedipine, and furosemide. Prescriptions used to treat mental conditions such as anxiety, depression, and schizophrenia may also cause dizziness.