Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a deadly staph infection that is resistant to many antibiotics. This infection may be spread in hospitals, medical clinics, or in a community. This infection begins as swollen, red bumps on the skin that quickly become deep and painful ulcers. If the bacterium spreads deeper into the body, it can affect the bones, joints, bloodstream, and organs of the victim. While MRSA is resistant to many antibiotics, there are some antibiotics that can treat this condition. Additionally, healthcare personnel will be able to treat any other organ damage that has occurred due to the infection.
3. Necrotizing Fasciitis
This infection is also known as invasive group A streptococcal infection. You may have even heard it called by the disturbing name “flesh-eating bacteria.” This infection is very rare, but when it occurs it can spread quickly and lead to death. The bacteria usually enter the body through open areas in the skin such as cuts, burns, insect bites, or surgical wounds. It is especially important to seek medical treatment following surgery if you notice symptoms of a streptococcal infection These include fever, quickly spreading redness and swelling, or severe pain that involves more than the surgical wound area. Prompt treatment with antibiotics and surgery can stop the spread of this devastating infection.
2. Septic Shock
Sepsis is a condition in which the body has an overwhelming response to infection, resulting in events that can damage many body organs. As sepsis progresses, it can develop into septic shock. In this case, blood pressure rapidly falls and can result in death. According to the Mayo Clinic, signs of septic shock following an infection include mental confusion, low blood pressure, and high serum levels of lactic acid. Treatment for septic shock includes antibiotics, IV fluids, and blood pressure medications. Some patients also require oxygen treatment. Patients with kidney involvement may require dialysis.
1. Toxic Shock Syndrome
Toxic shock syndrome can be caused by several bacteria including S. aureus, C. sordellii, and S. pyogenes. While this syndrome has been associated with tampon use, it can also be caused by bacteria that enter the skin through wounds or surgical procedures. As the bacteria spread toxins throughout the body, this infection can be life-threatening. Symptoms include fever, chills, diarrhea, dizziness, and low blood pressure. IV antibiotics will prevent further spread of this infection, but toxins present in the bloodstream may need to be removed with immune globulin therapy.Related: Sepsis: What You Need to Know About This Scary Condition