7. You May Have an Allergy
A painful, burning sensation of the tongue may be a sign of a new allergy. If you suffer from hay fever and notice that your tongue starts tingling or burning after eating foods, you may have oral allergy syndrome. The American Academy of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology reports that individuals who are allergic to various pollens in the air may develop an allergy to food plants as well. For instance, someone who is allergic to ragweed may experience an allergic reaction of the mouth when eating melons, bananas, cucumbers, or garlic.
6. Your Hormones Are Shifting
Another trigger for a burning of the tongue may be the hormonal changes associated with menopause. The tongue may display no visible signs of distress other than a burning sensation that is not related to eating or irritation. The Journal of Mid-Life Health reports that this phenomenon is not well understood. However, it may be related to decreased estrogen levels, changes in nerve cells, or increased mouth dryness. According to the International Journal of Preventive Medicine, treatment may include pain medications, topical anesthetics, hormone replacement therapy, and increased fluids.
5. You May Have Oral Psoriasis
If your tongue takes on the appearance of a landscape visualized from above, you may have geographic tongue. In this condition, the tongue appears to have hills, valleys, and plateaus. This condition is caused by inflammation and may be a form of psoriasis. While episodes of geographic tongue will go away without treatment, your doctor may recommend pain medications and mouth rinses to manage your symptoms. The Brazilian Society of Dermatology reports that geographic tongue may be linked to conditions such as diabetes, Down’s syndrome, pregnancy, asthma, and allergies.