11. Foot or Ankle Injury
Trauma or injury to the foot or ankle can result in swelling as the area becomes inflamed. As the white blood cells associated with inflammation travel to the injured area, the site can become filled with excess fluid. If you sustain an injury to your foot that results in swelling, a medical evaluation can help determine whether you have suffered a break or a sprain. If you have sprained your ankle, your doctor may recommend treatment consisting of rest, ice, compression, and elevation.
10. High Salt Intake
Eating a diet high in salt can cause water retention that results in swollen feet or ankles. The CDC recommends consuming less than 2,300 mg of sodium each day. Hidden sources of dietary sodium include items such as canned soups, processed tomato sauces, chips, cheese products, and processed meats. To decrease your daily salt intake, avoid adding extra salt to your foods. Instead, season your meals with herbs and spices.
9. Hormone Changes
The fluctuations in hormones associated with premenstrual syndrome, oral contraceptive use, or hormone replacement therapy can cause bloating and swelling. You can take steps to decrease the bloating associated with changes in hormones. Drink plenty of water, avoid excess sodium, and stay away from excessive amounts of sugar and carbohydrates. Make sure to engage in physical exercise to help keep blood circulating properly through your body.