Chances are that your hands get a real workout throughout the course of the day. Whether you are a concert pianist, an office admin, or a busy parent, your hands perform many functions throughout the day. When they become sore, achy, or swollen, you are likely to take notice. There are many reasons why swelling may occur in your hands and fingers. The source of the swelling can be something as benign as a hot, humid day or as serious as kidney failure. If swollen fingers are getting you down, check out these possible causes.
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disorder in which your immune system attacks your own healthy tissues. In the case of swollen fingers, your immune system is attacking the joints of your hands and fingers. This can result in pain, swelling, stiffness, and a feeling of heat. According to the Johns Hopkins Arthritis Center, the joints most commonly affected by RA are the small joints of the hands, wrists, and feet. If your physician diagnoses you with RA, you may find relief from nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, steroid medications, antirheumatic medicines, or physical therapy.
13. Fluid Retention
Fluid retention, or edema, is the accumulation of excess fluid in the body tissues. This condition can be caused by something as simple as sitting too long in one position. Indulging in too many salt-laden foods can also trigger fluid retention. Some women experience swollen hands each month prior to menses. More serious conditions that cause fluid retention include congestive heart failure, liver disease, kidney disease, and venous insufficiency. Contact your doctor if swelling is severe or involves the legs, eyes, or abdomen.