Gout refers to a condition in which painful swelling is triggered by a buildup of uric acid crystals in the joints. According to the Arthritis Foundation, treatment for gout may include anti-inflammatory medications, steroids, and medications that reduce the amount of uric acid in the blood. Those with gout may be able to prevent gout attacks by exercising, maintaining a healthy weight, and consuming nutritious foods that reduce uric acid levels. Skim milk, whole grains, and vegetables are all healthy choices. Avoid consuming foods that are high in purines, such as red meat, shellfish, and sodas.
You may notice that your hands become swollen during a strenuous workout. According to the Mayo Clinic, this may be a result of your body diverting blood flow away from your hands and moving it towards your heart, lungs, and muscles. As a result of diverted blood flow, the vessels in your fingers may expand, leading to swelling. You may be able to prevent uncomfortable, exercise-induced hand swelling by walking with your arms bent at waist level. Periodically stretching your fingers or engaging in arm circling exercises may offer additional relief.
Consuming excessive amounts of salt can result in water retention and swelling. However, an imbalance in sodium caused by too little sodium can also cause swelling. According to eMedicine Health, hyponatremia is a condition in which the body doesn’t have the proper balance of sodium. This can be caused by diseases, medicines, or by drinking excessive amounts of water. It is important to keep well hydrated when exercising. However, it is also crucial to not go overboard. In general, it is sufficient to drink when you are thirsty and put the water bottle down when you are satisfied.