6. Medication Side Effects
Some medications may cause swelling. According to Medscape, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs may cause swelling due to their effects on the kidney and sodium retention. Steroids, such as prednisone, can also cause swelling resulting from their effects on water, sodium, and electrolytes within the body. Hormone replacement therapy may trigger swelling, as can certain blood pressure medications, diabetes treatments, and nerve pain medicines. Notify your doctor if you suspect swelling is related to your medications. Never discontinue a prescription medication without the advice of your physician.
5. Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
If you suffer from carpal tunnel syndrome, your fingers may feel as though they are heavy, swollen, and ineffective. According to the NIH, carpal tunnel syndrome occurs when the nerve that travels from your forearm to your palm becomes pinched at your wrist. As pressure is exerted on this nerve, you may experience numbness, tingling, and pain in your hand, wrist, or arm. You may also experience the sensation that your fingers are swollen and numb. Your doctor may recommend splinting, medications, or surgery to treat this syndrome.
4. Kidney Disease
Your kidneys function to filter your blood and clear wastes from your body. When you suffer from kidney disease, these organs may not be able to adequately remove excess waste and fluids from your body. This can result in swelling and puffiness. Other signs of kidney disease may include frequent urination, blood in the urine, muscle cramps, fatigue, and dry skin. Risk factors for kidney disease include diabetes, high blood pressure, smoking, obesity, and a family history of this condition.