While leprosy was a disease prevalent in biblical times, it is still in existence today. Although you are more likely to contract leprosy in certain parts of India, Brazil, Indonesia, or Africa, leprosy has recently cropped up in the U.S. According to the American Academy of Dermatology, Americans are unlikely to contract leprosy unless they are in close contact with armadillos. According to the CDC, the bacterium that causes leprosy, or Hansen’s disease, is carried by armadillos in the southern United States.
Despite the ready availability of the measles vaccine, cases of measles have been cropping up in the United States. In fact, the CDC reports there were more cases of measles reported in the first five months of 2019 than had been seen in over 25 years. Those at risk for measles include unvaccinated persons who travel to countries where measles is prevalent. People may also be exposed to measles in a close, highly populated setting such as a college campus. If you have been exposed to measles, contact your doctor to determine what precautions you should take.
Mumps is a viral infection that had been significantly decreased following the introduction of vaccines. According to the CDC, mumps vaccines are given in two doses. The first occurs at the age of 12-15 months, and the second at the age of 4-6 years. Vaccination dramatically decreases the risk of mumps. However, those living in close, crowded contact with others may still contract this disease. Symptoms of mumps include puffy cheeks and a swollen jaw as the salivary glands become inflamed. Other symptoms are headache, fever, fatigue, and achy muscles.