Rickets is a condition in which bones become soft and weak due to a lack of vitamin D. Your body uses vitamin D obtained from sunlight and food sources to aid calcium in building strong and healthy bones. If a person is unable to get enough vitamin D through these sources, or if the body is unable to metabolize vitamin D properly, disease can set in. Certain disorders and medications that prevent proper absorption of vitamin D can cause this condition, as can living in a region with little sunshine.
If you hear the word scurvy, your mind may dredge up the image of pirates adrift at sea without access to oranges. Sadly, the pirates of yesteryear aren’t the only individuals at risk of the nutritional deficiencies that can cause scurvy. There are plenty of people today who lack proper nutrition due to homelessness or poverty. A lack of vitamin C can result in scurvy. Early signs of this condition may be nonspecific symptoms of tiredness, loss of appetite, and weakness. Later signs may include swollen gums, tooth loss, bruised or scaly skin, and bleeding.
This sexually transmitted disease is caused by the bacterium Treponema pallidum. Infection with this disease had been on the decline. However, the United States saw an increase in syphilis infections beginning in 2017. Individuals who engage in sex without the use of condoms are at an increased risk for developing syphilis. Likewise, those who do not maintain monogamous relationships with one partner and those who are infected with HIV are at higher risk.