Multiple sclerosis, or MS for short, is a disease in which the immune system starts to attack the protective covering around the nerves. This results in several issues in many parts of your body and mind.
It may be hard to know that you suffer from MS at first glance, but you will start to feel some specific symptoms that may mean you suffer from this disease. Here are the most common symptoms you may notice.
Keep in mind that having one or more of these symptoms doesn’t necessarily mean you have MS. There may be another reason, but if you feel any of these symptoms, it’d be best if you visit your health provider as soon as possible.
16. You Might Feel Fatigued and Weak
Fatigue is a common symptom of multiple sclerosis, and it usually comes together with weakness. These symptoms are commonly reported in most people in the early stages of multiple sclerosis. If you have multiple sclerosis, you’ll experience a lot of fatigue, which is caused by the deterioration of the nerves in your spinal column. The fatigue will last for weeks, while the feeling of weakness will stay mostly in your legs at the beginning.
15. You Could Have Painful Spasms
You’ll also experience involuntary spasms that may start to get painful. This is a clear signal that you might have multiple sclerosis.
Studies have revealed that most people with MS experience chronic pain along with spasms. Some people describe painful spasms as twisting movements in your muscles and joints, which could become stiff. Most of the time, you’ll feel this pain in your legs.
14. You May Suffer Dysfunction of the Bowels and Bladder
Nearly 80% of people diagnosed with multiple sclerosis also have complications in their bladders and bowels. Some people notice these symptoms through frequent urination.
Also, in some cases, you won’t be able to control your bowel, a problem that’s also associated with bowel dysfunction. Other symptoms related to bowel and bladder dysfunction include diarrhea and constipation.
13. You Could Have Problems with Your Vision
People with multiple sclerosis are very likely to have vision problems, which are caused by inflammation. This inflammation ends up disrupting the central vision by affecting the victim’s optic nerve.
Moreover, this could also result in double vision, blurred vision, or total vision loss. These symptoms are hardly noticeable in the beginning due to the gradual vision degeneration, so you might not notice right away that you have MS just by this symptom.
Additionally, you may also experience pain when looking sideways or looking up.
12. You May Experience Dizziness
The problem of dizziness is common in people with MS, causing balance and coordination problems. You may feel lightheaded or dizzy, especially while standing up. That being said, being dizzy isn’t necessarily related to just multiple sclerosis, so it’d be best if you ask your health provider what the problem is.
11. You Could Also Feel Numbness
Multiple sclerosis will affect the nerves in your spinal cord and your brain, resulting in your brain sending conflicting messages around your body. The may lead to chronic numbness and a tingling sensation in certain parts of your body, such as your legs, arms, face, and fingers.
10. Unstable Emotional Health
People with MS are more vulnerable to cases of emotional health instability, which may lead to depression.
This could lead to mood swings, irritability, and pseudobulbar affect, which involves uncontrolled laughing and crying. Because of this, you’re likely to feel overwhelmed, especially if you are dealing with family or relationship issues, which can cause depression and emotional disorders.
9. Swallowing Problems
This is another symptom related to multiple sclerosis. MS makes it difficult to swallow any types of food or even liquids. As a result, you may choke on your food when eating. Although, it’s worth mentioning that just because you choke doesn’t mean you have MS.
8. Sexual Problems Are Also Possible
Sexual dysfunction is another symptom that comes with MS in many people. This occurs when you have problems with being aroused sexually because it’s a process that starts in the nervous system. This is the area attacked by MS, making it hard for you to be sexually aroused.
7. Cognitive Problems
Cognitive problems are reported in nearly half of the people diagnosed with multiple sclerosis. These problems may include reduced attention span, language and memory problems, as well as difficulty staying organized. In addition, you’re more likely to suffer from depression.
6. You May Start to Lose Your Hearing
Hearing loss is a common symptom associated with MS. This effect can spread to the brain. The sound waves reaching your inner ear are converted into electrical signals that are then transferred to the brain via the nervous system. Hence, when the nervous system is affected by MS, the transfer of these electrical signals is hampered, resulting in reduced hearing ability or deafness.
5. You May Start to Tremor
Tremors occur in the form of uncontrollable shaking in people with multiple sclerosis, resulting from the brain’s reduced ability to control your muscle movements properly. Although these tremors may be minor and less impactful on your health, they may become more severe over time.
4. You Start to Get Seizures
Seizures are characterized by changes in the electrical activity of your brain. Severe seizures may result in violent shaking or loss of control for some people. Because of this, it’s always recommended that, if you suffer from seizures, you contact your health provider immediately, whether they’re light or violent seizures, as these may cause injuries.
3. Heart-Related Complications
It’s fairly common for people with multiple sclerosis to start notice heart-related complications during workouts or intense physical activities. For instance, you may feel weak and tired after doing an exercise. Worst case scenario, you may also feel incapable of controlling your legs or feet. These symptoms could vanish when you sit down to rest.
2. You May Suffer Speech Problems
People with MS could have problems in their speech, characterized by nasal or slurred speech or pausing longer between words. Other symptoms that come with these issues are difficulty swallowing. However, this happens only in some people when the disease is advanced.
1. Cases of Unusual Sensations
These sensations include burning, itching, tearing pains, or stabbing. Also, there are incidents of tightness felt around the ribs, a condition called MS hug. Doctors call this symptom dysesthesia.