For most people, alcohol goes straight to your head, confusing your brain’s pathways and throwing you off balance. This is why you start acting out or say things differently; you have dropped all inhibitions. Some effects can last a short time, while others can accumulate over time and bring on long-term health issues and potential negative consequences, such as driving under the influence arrests or accidents.
How much harm does alcohol cause? It depends on several factors: gender, body size, genetics, your metabolism rate, if you have eaten and how much you have drunk. Drinking one or two drinks daily is usually fine for most people, but it does depend on how large these drinks are and how many of the above factors affect you. Here are seven ways that drinking, especially in excess, can harm the body.
7. Irritates the Stomach Lining
When your stomach is irritated, it can make you nauseated and can be why some people throw up after drinking. If you drink heavily, it can cause ulcers, diarrhea, and heartburn.
6. Interferes with Brain Communication
The messaging in the brain becomes confused, affecting your thinking, mood, behavior, and body coordination. It evens shrinks the brain, making it smaller.
5. Stretches Out Your Heart Muscle
Too much alcohol literally wears out your heart, and the muscle turns into an old loose rubber band. This slows down the pumping of blood, causing irregular heartbeats, possible strokes, and high blood pressure.
4. Causes Liver Damage
Your liver is what helps your body process alcohol and toxins. If you are drinking regularly, it causes inflammation in the liver, so it cannot do its job. This can cause hepatitis, fatty liver disease, and even cirrhosis.
3. Hangovers Can Feel Like Crap
Drinking too much can cause a hangover, and not eating or drinking water can dehydrate you, give you terrible headaches, or cause vomiting. It can drop your blood sugar, since your liver is too busy getting rid of alcohol, leaving you with weakness and the shakes.Related: Foods You Should Eat for a Healthy Liver and Foods to Avoid
2. Hormones in Havoc
Alcohol throws hormones off balance. It could change a woman’s menstrual cycles or men’s sperm counts. And if alcohol is too frequent, it can cause erectile dysfunction and breast growth in men.
1. Sleepless Nights
Even though alcohol can relax you and may make you fall asleep, it is not good sleep. It can cause more nightmares and dreams, restless sleep, and of course, you’ll have to pee a lot!Related: 11 Liver Damage Signs You Can’t Ignore