4. Measles, Mumps, Rubella
Adults born after 1957 who have not been vaccinated or do not show signs of immunity to measles, mumps, and rubella should receive one dose of MMR vaccine. According to the CDC, healthcare providers reported over 1,200 cases of measles between January 1 and August 15, 2019. This is the highest number of reported cases since 1992. According to the Cleveland Clinic, a bout of measles may present as fever, coughing, runny nose, muscle pain, sensitivity to light, and a rash that spreads downward from the head. Those at risk for measles include unvaccinated persons traveling to areas with measles outbreaks and those living in close quarters with others who may have measles.
3. Hepatitis B
While vaccination against hepatitis B is not necessary for every adult individual, certain populations may benefit from this vaccine. The CDC recommends that healthcare workers who come into contact with blood or blood products be vaccinated. Furthermore, the Hepatitis B Foundation lists other individuals who may require the protection of hepatitis B vaccines. These include diabetic patients, those with liver or kidney disease, persons who engage in sex with more than one sex partner, and individuals with sexually transmitted diseases. Furthermore, when traveling to countries where hepatitis is prevalent, vaccination against hepatitis B may be advisable.
The CDC recommends meningococcal vaccines in certain situations for individuals over the age of 19. There are two types of meningococcal vaccines. MenACWY or MenB may be beneficial for persons with conditions such as sickle cell disease, HIV, or persistent complement component deficiency. This vaccine may also be beneficial to those traveling to countries in which there is rampant meningococcal disease. Additionally, the CDC recommends MenACWY for certain first-year college students and military recruits. Some healthcare workers may also require the protection provided by meningococcal vaccination.