A recent study published in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute reveals some alarming results about the most common anal cancer. Cases of squamous cell carcinoma of the anus (SCCA) have been increasing since at least the early 2000s.
Once considered a rare cause of death, SCCA is becoming a real threat for people of certain age groups, ethnicities, and pre-existing health conditions.
8. What Is SCCA?
Squamous cell carcinoma is a form of skin cancer. Squamous cell carcinoma of the anus (SCCA) usually forms on the inner lining of the anal canal connecting the rectum to the anus.
According to the study, cases of squamous cell carcinoma of the anus increased by 2.7% between 2001 and 2015. During the same time span, deaths from this type of anal cancer rose by 3.1%.
7. Who Has the Highest Cancer Risk?
Older white people over 50 and younger black men born after 1986 seem to have the highest risk of contracting SCCA, claim the study authors. “Compared with adults born circa 1946, recently born black men (born circa 1986) had a nearly fivefold higher risk of SCCA, and the risk doubled among white men and white women born after circa 1960.”
Younger black men may be at higher risk due to higher cases of HIV. Older white women are at higher risk due to higher cases of HPV.