8. Corticosteroid Injections
An injection of corticosteroids is often administered right into the knee joint to control inflammation and reduce pain. Usually, it takes a couple of days for the injections to take effect, but it will typically render relief for several weeks and is non-addictive.
However, the long-term use of steroids poses many questions. Studies have shown a reduction in cartilage often continued with extended steroid injections. Such changes in the cartilage were noticed after about two years of using the injections to cope with knee pain.
The Chinese have used acupuncture for centuries to relieve pain. They believe that inserting thin, sharp needles into key areas helps to change the flow of energy and ease discomfort. Research has shown some promise in the ancient naturopathic method.
With prolotherapy, an irritant works in the knee’s ligament or tendon via injection. The solution effectively increases the blood flow and nutrient supply to the region to trigger the body’s natural healing capabilities. The solution, known as dextrose, is a simple sugar-based compound.
One study followed individuals suffering from osteoarthritis who underwent prolotherapy at a rate of five injections spaced about four weeks apart. The research revealed that most participants in the study experienced pain reduction after 26 weeks and after a year they still reported improvement in the infected knee.