6. Skin Picking
Skin picking, or excoriation, is another BFRD. This disorder causes a person to pick at healthy skin, sometimes for hours at a time. This leaves behind unsightly sores that are prone to infection. Individuals with excoriation disorder may try repeatedly to stop picking at their skin but find themselves unable to quit. Excoriation disorder is related to obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and can be treated with certain antidepressants. CBT can help sufferers learn how their thoughts affect their behaviors and learn coping skills to replace destructive behaviors such as skin picking.
5. Hair Cutting
Trichotemnomania is a rare disorder where the patient has an overpowering compulsion to cut or shave their hair. Sufferers of this disorder typically have high anxiety levels and turn to shaving their head or cutting off hair as a response to stress. Family members are often confused by the sudden hair loss, as the patient may not admit to cutting the hair themselves. As with other obsessive-compulsive disorders, treatment with antidepressants or behavioral therapy can bring relief. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are antidepressants that are used to treat OCD.
4. Excessive Hand Washing
While frequent hand washing is a sign of good hygiene and can prevent illness, excessive hand washing can be an indicator of obsessive-compulsive disorder. Patients with OCD become consumed with avoiding germs. They may wash their hands repeatedly and still feel great anxiety. This can lead to painful raw, red, and chapped hands from extended washing. Risk factors for OCD are a family history of OCD or a new traumatic life situation. OCD can be accompanied by other mental disorders such as anxiety and depression.