Have you heard of the medical condition hyperuricemia? It refers to high levels of uric acid in the blood. It is a somewhat common condition for some people. Typically, uric acid results from the processing and breakdown of food and cells; ordinarily, it gets filtered by the kidneys and then it is expelled from the body in the form of urine. However, excess amounts of uric acid may cause it to build up in solid crystalline forms in the joints of the body. We call this condition gout. Are you concerned about hyperuricemia or gout? Read on to understand the causes, what to look for, and what you can do to treat these conditions.
There are a number of causes that may result in increased levels of uric acid. Insufficient kidney function, according to Mayo Clinic, is among one of the most common causes; this is because if the kidneys are not functioning properly, they may have difficulty removing sufficient levels of uric acid from the body. Other related factors that compound the issue include the consumption of foods that contribute to high uric acid levels, the consumption of alcohol, being a diabetic, being overweight, and believe it or not, even using certain diuretics.
The above conditions can make the kidneys’ job even harder, particularly if the kidney is already having difficulty removing uric acid from the blood. Furthermore, hyperuricemia itself is a condition that can result from poor genetics, immunosuppressive medication, a diet rich in purine, niacin, hypothyroidism, obesity, and psoriasis. Perhaps the most significant contributor to hyperuricemia is a condition known as tumor lysis syndrome. It is indicated by the rapid release from cells into the blood; this often comes as a result of cancer or chemotherapy.
Signs and Symptoms
Ultimately, increased levels of uric acid in the bloodstream results in gout. Gout has a number of signs and symptoms associated with it, which include redness, swelling, and tenderness in the joints. There may also be severe joint pain. This pain is often most potent within the first day or so; overall it can last for weeks, and the pain may end up spreading from the initial joint to other joints in the body given enough time.