Is frequent urination interrupting your sleep? Do you wake up several times at night with an urgent need to urinate? If you answered yes to these questions, then you are probably worrying that there might be something seriously wrong with you. Yes, frequent excessive urination might be a sign of a health problem.
If you wake up several times a night to urinate, then you are suffering from a condition referred to as nocturia. Many things can cause nocturia, such as the excessive consumption of alcohol or caffeine, certain medications, diabetes, or a urinary tract infection. Nocturia afflicts both men and women. Women often start suffering from the need to urinate frequently as early as age 30 and men may first experience the nightly urges in their 50s.
10. Elevated Blood Pressure
Studies have shown elevated blood pressure (hypertension) causes excessive fluid accumulation in the body. At night, you’ll feel a greater need to urinate often. Controlling your blood pressure will help ease the nocturia so you can again get a restful night’s sleep. Often, elevated blood pressure is controllable through healthy dietary choices, weight control, regular exercise, lower salt intake, little or no alcohol consumption, and no smoking/nicotine use. If living a healthy lifestyle doesn’t help to ease the problem, then you might need to discuss the possible need for prescription blood pressure medication to lower your blood pressure and stop the frequent urination.
9. High Salt Intake
Salt adds much-needed zest to food. However, many people consume too much of the spice, which leads to excessive water retention. When you go to sleep at night, your body works to metabolize the fluid and salt, which causes you to wake up and have to relieve yourself several times at night. Avoiding salt helps cut down on the need to urinate. In addition, excessive salt causes the sensation of a sudden urge to urinate, which comes on quickly and may be uncomfortable. You’ll often be sent scrambling out of bed to the bathroom where you will only urinate a few drops.
8. Overactive Bladder
In America, it is estimated that 33 million people suffer from an overactive bladder (OAB). The disorder is far more common in women than in men. OAB causes the sudden need to urinate, especially at night, and incontinence is a common symptom of the condition. People who suffer from OAB often try to limit their liquid intake to control the overactive bladder. Treatment often includes pelvic floor exercises, medications, nerve stimulation, Botox, or surgery. You’ll need to discuss your options with your physician to determine which works best for your specific needs.
Whether you suffer from type 1, type 2, or gestational diabetes, nighttime urination is a symptom that is often overlooked. It often accompanies increased hunger and thirst, blurry vision, weight loss, fatigue, and sores that won’t heal. If you suspect that you might have diabetes, then you should consult with your physician. In the United States, almost 34 million people suffer from diabetes, and it often goes undiagnosed until significant damage occurs. Diabetes can lead to death if left untreated.
Anxiety urination can spring up during times of upheaval and worry. It is believed that nighttime urination happens because of muscle tension. When you are worried and anxious, then your muscles become tense. The tension within your body applies tightness and pressure to your bladder, which causes you to feel like you need to urinate. You’ll often find yourself running to the bathroom late at night. Sadly, the anxiety coupled with the nighttime urination makes you start feeling fatigued and even more stressed out, so it becomes a vicious cycle. Anxiety also activates the fight or flight response within your body, which causes your physical response to start to feel overloaded so you feel like you can’t hold it and you must immediately relieve yourself.
5. Prostate Problems
Middle-aged men often start to suffer from an enlarged prostate. Also, a prostate infection can cause pelvic inflammation. The added size of the prostate puts pressure on the bladder, so you feel like you must immediately relieve yourself. However, the stream of urine is often weak, you’re unable to completely empty your bladder, and it might take forever to eliminate. Treatment of nighttime urination problems that occur as a result of an enlarged prostrate vary and depend on the underlying prostate condition that is causing the gland’s growth.
4. Bladder Prolapse
Bladder prolapse (cystocele) occurs when the pelvic floor muscles suffer damage or weaken. The condition is quite common in women who have experienced several pregnancies. Heavy lifting can also lead to bladder prolapse. The condition is often treated through pelvic floor exercises, medications, or surgery. Women can sometimes use a vaginal support device that helps alleviate the condition. In some situations, the sufferer decides to just live with the condition and hope that it doesn’t worsen.
3. Kidney Infection
A kidney infection can sneak up on you. If you start to feel a sudden urge to urinate, suffer any burning or discomfort, have a fever, feel fatigued, have bloody urine, or experience nausea/vomiting, then you might have a kidney infection. Of the two main symptoms of a kidney infection, back pain and frequent urination stand out as the ones that just about all sufferers report. Antibiotics are usually the preferred method of treating a kidney infection.
2. Neurological Disorders
Excessive nighttime urination is often one of the main symptoms of a variety of neurological disorders, such as Parkinson’s disease, multiple sclerosis (MS), and spinal cord compression. Depending on the cause, treatment can vary. Urinary involvement does not normally occur until later in Parkinson’s disease. However, 30 to 40 percent of the sufferers usually report it as one of their problems as the disorder progresses. An overactive bladder can strike early with MS sufferers. Neurogenic bladder disorders arise with spinal cord compression.
Tumors, either malignant or benign, can occur in or around the bladder and cause frequent nighttime urination. The growth of the tumor puts pressure on the bladder and the pelvic floor muscles. When you lay down, the positioning places a strain on the organ, and you feel an even greater need to go to the bathroom. It’s important to pay attention to the changes in your body because frequent urination is one of the main symptoms of bladder cancer. When diagnosed early, before cancer has the chance to metastasize, you stand the greatest chance of achieving remission.Related: Pee Smelling Odd? Here Are 9 Causes to Be Aware of