7. Pads and Absorbent Underwear
A trip down the aisles at the local drugstore will showcase an array of products designed to absorb and camouflage leaks associated with urinary incontinence. From pretty, feminine-looking disposable underwear to pads and liners, there is a multitude of products to choose from. These items are handy for capturing occasional leaks, yet do not address the underlying issues causing the symptoms of leaking urine.
6. Oral Medications
Anticholinergic drugs are one class of medications that can treat urinary incontinence or the symptoms of an overactive bladder. These medications work by preventing contractions of the smooth muscles of the bladder. Meanwhile, the second class of medications beneficial for this condition is alpha blockers, which can help relax the bladder muscles in women, decreasing urine leakage. Additionally, the medication Myrbetriq (mirabegron) is a medication designed to increase the bladder capacity by relaxing bladder muscles and helping it to fill more completely. Some women may also achieve relief by using topical estrogen to restore urethra and vaginal tissues affected by hormone loss.
5. Behavioral Changes
The Office on Women’s Health offers several suggestions for behavioral changes that may improve bladder control. The first involves Kegel exercises to strengthen the pelvic floor. The second behavioral technique requires training your bladder by going to the restroom at set times each day. Losing excess weight, quitting smoking, and treating constipation issues can also help to decrease the frequency and urgency of urination. Lastly, avoiding beverages that contain alcohol, caffeine, or carbonation can help to decrease bladder control issues. Limiting fluid intake at crucial times of the day can help to avoid distressing leaks.