Amphetamines are drugs that stimulate the central nervous system, which includes the brain and spinal cord, and affect a person’s mind and body functions. According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, methamphetamine is a street drug that goes by the name of speed, meth, chalk, ice, or crystal. However, street drugs are not the only source of central nervous system stimulants. Many stimulant medications are legally prescribed each day to treat hyperactivity disorders, sleep disorders, and obesity. The increasing availability of these addictive substances raises concerns about a generation that may too easily turn to such substances to get through everyday life.
10. What Are Prescription Amphetamines?
Brand name prescription amphetamines are stimulant medications such as Adderall, Ritalin, and Concerta, among others. Adderall contains a combination of dextroamphetamine and amphetamine. Ritalin contains a stimulant ingredient called methylphenidate. Concerta is another stimulant medication that contains methylphenidate. According to Medline Plus, these medications stimulate the area of the brain related to focus in order to combat the effects of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Additionally, they stimulate the brain to maintain wakefulness in patients who suffer from narcolepsy. Narcolepsy is a disorder that involves falling asleep during normal daytime activities.
9. Who Takes Prescription Amphetamines?
Prescription amphetamines are commonly prescribed for ADHD. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), in 2016, approximately 9 percent of children aged two to 17 had been diagnosed with ADHD at some point in their lives. This adds up to around six million children and adolescents. Furthermore, the CDC states that 62 percent of these patients were taking ADHD medications. It was once believed that children would outgrow symptoms of ADHD such as inability to focus, inattentiveness, and difficulty sitting still. However, many adults continue to experience ADHD and use prescriptions to improve their concentration and work performance.