2. Primary Burning Mouth Syndrome
When you burn your tongue on a cup of coffee or a grilled cheese sandwich, you immediately know it. However, there is a condition known as burning mouth syndrome. This condition occurs when a person experiences painful sensations of burning in the mouth with no apparent cause. According to the Mayo Clinic, primary burning mouth syndrome has no known cause and may be related to nervous system issues. This rare condition most often affects women over the age of 50. Frequent sips of water, sucking on ice, and the use of special oral rinses may help with symptoms.
1. Secondary Burning Mouth Syndrome
Meanwhile, secondary burning mouth syndrome may be caused by dry mouth, oral fungal infections, allergic reactions, or a lack of certain vitamins and minerals. Painful burning may be linked to stomach acid backing up into the mouth in disorders such as gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Diabetes, hypothyroidism, anxiety, depression, and stress are other issues that may result in secondary burning mouth syndrome. In these cases, treatment targets the primary medical condition that causes the burning mouth syndrome. Contact your physician if you experience chronic painful mouth sensations or tingling with no apparent cause.