Bradycardia refers to a heart rate that is too slow. In general, a heart rate of less than 60 bpm is considered low. Exceptions to this rule are athletes who have a low resting heart rate due to the heart-strengthening effects of exercise. According to the American Heart Association, conditions that may contribute to bradycardia include heart disease, thyroid disorders, and medication side effects. Symptoms of bradycardia may include drowsiness, dizziness, confusion, fainting, and shortness of breath. Treatment depends on the cause of the arrhythmia. A pacemaker may help restore the heart to a normal rhythm.
7. Blood Pressure
Your blood pressure values consist of two pressure readings. The first number, the systolic blood pressure, refers to the pressure in your blood vessels when your heart beats. Meanwhile, the second number, the diastolic blood pressure, measures the pressure in your blood vessels between beats. A normal blood pressure reading is less than 120/80 mmHg. Blood pressure that measures between 120/80 mmHg and 139/89 mmHg is at risk for developing high blood pressure. Hypertension, or high blood pressure, measures at more than 140/90 mmHg.
Blood pressure measurements between 120/80 mmHg and 139/89 mmHg indicate a risk for developing high blood pressure. Individuals who are at risk for hypertension may be able to prevent developing full-blown hypertension by making lifestyle changes to protect their hearts and lower their blood pressure. Maintaining a healthy weight, engaging in regular exercise, consuming a healthy diet, and giving up smoking are excellent ways to reduce your risk of hypertension. According to the CDC, about 60% of individuals with diabetes also have high blood pressure. Maintaining good diabetic control can help reduce the risk of hypertension.