A person with hypertension or high blood pressure has blood pressure readings of more than 140/90 mmHg. Many individuals have no symptoms associated with high blood pressure. Therefore, it is critical to see your doctor regularly to check your blood pressure. Risk factors for high blood pressure include obesity, high cholesterol, diabetes, smoking, sleep apnea, excessive alcohol use, chronic kidney disease, and family history. Uncontrolled hypertension can lead to conditions such as heart attack, stroke, aneurysm, organ failure, and dementia.
Low blood pressure, or hypotension, is blood pressure lower than 90/60 mmHg. Postural hypotension may occur when a person goes quickly from sitting to standing, causing a drop in blood pressure. This drop in blood pressure can cause dizziness, lightheadedness, or fainting. Sudden drops in blood pressure due to sepsis, excessive bleeding, fever, or dehydration can be life-threatening. In some cases, hypotension may be caused by blood pressure medications, antidepressants, seizure medications, or anti-anxiety drugs.
3. Caring for Your Heart
Taking care of your heart helps to ensure it will take care of you. Consuming a wholesome diet of whole grains, leafy grains, lean protein, fiber, and fresh fruits provides your heart with the nutrients required for strong performance. Aerobic exercise, such as walking, jogging, dancing, swimming, and cycling, strengthens your heart and help keep off excess weight. Employing techniques to decrease stress in your life can be beneficial as well. Make time to relax, unwind, enjoy calming music, and engage with friends and family to lessen stress and benefit your heart.