9. Risk Factors
Wearing tight, pointy, or ill-fitting shoes can contribute to the formation of bunions. However, not all bunions can be blamed on footwear. Factors beyond your control such as an inherited foot shape or bone structure can cause bunions. Additionally, arthritic conditions such as osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis can contribute to the formation of a bunion. Sometimes a bunion is caused by pressure on the foot due to neuromuscular conditions, or by walking with an unusual gait. Adolescent bunions may occur in young girls. Bunions at this age are generally due to genetic factors, rather than improper footwear.
8. What Is a Bunionette?
A bunionette, otherwise known as a tailor’s bunion, is a bunion that occurs on the opposite side of the foot, near the baby toe. According to Foot Health Facts, this bunion got its name when tailors would sit cross-legged for hours. Sitting this way caused pressure and friction on the little toe and outer area of the foot, resulting in swelling and inflammation of the joint. Although a bunionette affects the outer side of the foot, treatment is the same as that of a bunion.
7. Diagnosis of Bunions
A bunion is generally easy to diagnosis, with its characteristic red, swollen bulge and slanted big toe. However, your doctor will likely order an x-ray to determine the extent of the damage to the metatarsal phalangeal joint. An x-ray will also allow your physician to see the extent of the deformity to the bones and joints of the rest of your foot. This will help determine the best treatment for your bunion.