In some cases, surgery is the best option for correcting your foot deformity. Bunion surgeries are typically performed on an outpatient basis. However, it can take several weeks to heal and recover. According to Johns Hopkins Medicine, there are several types of bunion surgery. Surgery for a mild bunion may involve removing only a portion of the bulging bone. In other cases, the metatarsal bone of the foot may be cut. This helps to realign the foot and angle the big toe away from the other toes. The surgeon will also realign the ligaments and tendons that surround the joint.
The foot deformity caused by a bunion can alter the way you walk, causing pressure and strain on other structures of the foot. Therefore, a bunion can lead to other complications and foot conditions. Bursitis occurs when the small sacs of fluid that provide lubrication between bones or muscles become inflamed. Metatarsalgia is pain and inflammation of the ball of the foot that occurs due to stress or overuse. Hammertoe typically afflicts the joints of the second, third, or fourth toes of the foot. In this case, the middle joint of the toe bends abnormally, causing pain and pressure.
Since bunions cannot be cured through medication, prevention is key to avoid suffering from this painful condition. For some, bunions may be an inherited disorder. However, in other cases, you may be able to take steps to prevent them from developing. Purchase roomy, well-fitting shoes in your proper size. Avoid wearing shoes with pointy toes that will place pressure on your joints. Similarly, avoid wearing high heels, as they place stress on the ball of your foot. Select shoes that provide proper arch support, or purchase either prescription or over-the-counter shoe inserts that will cushion and support your feet.