6. Magnesium Deficiency Risk Factors
Many adults may suffer from magnesium inadequacy, but in some cases, true magnesium deficiency can occur. Those who suffer from chronic medical conditions are usually at greatest risk of developing magnesium deficiency. Patients with diarrhea or gastrointestinal diseases that result in malabsorption of nutrients may be deficient in magnesium and other electrolytes. People with type 2 diabetes may have lower magnesium levels due to more frequent urinary excretion. Certain medications, including various antacids, antiviral agents, diuretics, and blood pressure medications, can lead to magnesium deficiency. Alcoholism can be another risk factor for magnesium deficiency.
5. Symptoms of Magnesium Deficiency
There are many possible symptoms of magnesium deficiency, which are often difficult to distinguish from other diseases and disorders. Early symptoms may include nausea, fatigue, headaches, and difficulty falling or staying asleep. Some people who are deficient in this mineral may have increased anxiety, jitters, and restless leg syndrome. Muscle weakness, muscle cramps, and aching muscles can be attributed to magnesium deficiency. In advanced cases, cardiac problems such as heart attack or irregular heartbeat can occur. If you notice any of these symptoms, see your physician for a complete exam and workup to determine the cause of your issues.
4. Diagnosis of Magnesium Deficiency
To diagnose magnesium deficiency, your doctor will take a thorough history and give you a physical exam. Your doctor will check your levels of calcium and potassium. If these levels are low, magnesium deficiency may be the culprit. In addition, if your doctor suspects you have a malabsorption disorder, and nutrients are not being properly absorbed from your digestive tract, a serum magnesium test may be ordered. A serum magnesium test will not tell you how much magnesium is stored in the tissues of your body, but it will indicate whether your levels are low. The normal range for serum magnesium is 1.8-2.2 mg/dL.