Hyperthyroidism is a serious condition that can bring about permanent lifestyle changes. While the causes of hyperthyroidism vary, as do the treatment options, this condition is often lifelong. It’s not an entirely uncommon affliction; as many as 12 percent of Americans suffer from some sort of issue or another involving the thyroid. Dietary changes are a large part of the lifestyle modifications when it comes to hyperthyroidism. While there isn’t a specific diet for hyperthyroidism, certain foods can affect the way the body handles replacement hormones that make up for deficiencies in the thyroid. As such, it pays to be careful when making dietary choices.

In learning about foods to moderate or even avoid, you may be surprised to see a lot of high-fiber foods on the list. While fiber is generally very beneficial for the body in that it can help with controlling cholesterol, as well as contributing to digestive system function, an excess of fiber can cause problems for the thyroid. Other foods are those you might expect to avoid with a number of medical conditions. Many such foods have harmful effects when eaten in excess, regardless of a thyroid condition. Fried foods, or those with added sugar, certainly come to mind here.

As mentioned earlier, there isn’t a specific diet for those with thyroid problems. However, there are definitely foods that should be moderated and others that you should avoid altogether. Additionally, there are certain supplements and medications that you will need to be careful about using with your thyroid medications. In such situations, it’s best to talk to your doctor and figure out a plan that works for you. Not sure where to start? Cut down on these foods and supplements to help manage hyperthyroidism.

15. Soy Foods

Soy Foods

Soy products are generally known as a healthy food. For vegans and vegetarians, soy offers a solid, reliable source of protein, as well as other beneficial nutrients. However, those who suffer from thyroid conditions should be careful about how they handle soy products. Specifically, isoflavones, a type of compound found in soy, may interact negatively with the thyroid, particularly in relation to iodine deficiency. Soy products may make it more difficult for your body to absorb thyroid medications. This isn’t to say that you can’t consume soy products if you suffer from hyperthyroidism, but you will want to avoid them within four hours of taking your medication.

14. Cruciferous Vegetables

Cruciferous Vegetables

Much like soy products, cruciferous vegetables such as broccoli and cauliflower are known to be healthy. Cauliflower is a popular substitute for carb-heavy foods, such as pizza crust and rice, and both cauliflower and broccoli pack a nutritional punch with their various vitamins and minerals. However, like soy, these foods may cause problems with thyroid hormone production if you suffer from an iodine deficiency. You may want to limit your intake of these vegetables, as well as kale, cabbage, and Brussels sprouts, and make sure you cook them thoroughly to reduce any interference with your thyroid hormone production.


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